MACHINE LEARNING

UNIT I
INTRODUCTION – Well defined learning problems, Designing a Learning System, Issues in Machine Learning; THE CONCEPT LEARNING TASK – General-to-specific ordering of  hypotheses, Find-S, List then eliminate algorithm, Candidate elimination algorithm, Inductive bias

UNIT II
DECISION TREE LEARNING – Decision tree learning algorithm-Inductive bias- Issues in Decision tree learning; ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS – Perceptrons, Gradient descent and the Delta rule, Adaline, Multilayer networks, Derivation of backpropagation rule Backpropagation AlgorithmConvergence, Generalization;
UNIT III
Evaluating Hypotheses: Estimating Hypotheses Accuracy, Basics of sampling Theory, Comparing Learning Algorithms; Bayesian Learning: Bayes theorem, Concept learning, Bayes Optimal Classifier, Naïve Bayes classifier, Bayesian belief networks, EM algorithm;
UNIT IV
Computational Learning Theory: Sample Complexity for Finite Hypothesis spaces, Sample Complexity for Infinite Hypothesis spaces, The Mistake Bound Model of Learning; INSTANCE-BASED LEARNING – k-Nearest Neighbour Learning, Locally Weighted Regression, Radial basis function networks, Case-based learning

UNIT V
Genetic Algorithms: an illustrative example, Hypothesis space search, Genetic Programming, Models of Evolution and Learning; Learning first order rules-sequential covering algorithms- General to specific beam search-FOIL; REINFORCEMENT LEARNING – The Learning Task, Q Learning.

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