Unit I
Introduction to security attacks, services and mechanism, Classical encryption techniquessubstitution ciphers and transposition ciphers, cryptanalysis, steganography, Stream and block ciphers. Modern Block Ciphers: Block ciphers principles, Shannon’s theory of confusion and diffusion, fiestal structure, Data encryption standard(DES), Strength of DES, Idea of differential cryptanalysis, block cipher modes of operations, Triple DES
unit II
Introduction to group, field, finite field of the form GF(p), modular arithmetic, prime and relative prime numbers, Extended Euclidean Algorithm, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) encryption and decryptionFermat’s and Euler’s theorem, Primarily testing, Chinese Remainder theorem, Discrete Logarithmic Problem,Principals of public key crypto systems, RSA algorithm, security of RSA
unit III
Message Authentication Codes: Authentication requirements, authentication functions, message authentication code, hash functions, birthday attacks, security of hash functions, Secure hash algorithm (SHA) Digital Signatures: Digital Signatures, Elgamal Digital Signature Techniques, Digital signature standards (DSS), proof of digital signature algorithm,
unit IV
Key Management and distribution: Symmetric key distribution, Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange, Public key distribution, X.509 Certificates, Public key Infrastructure. Authentication Applications: Kerberos, Electronic mail security: pretty good privacy (PGP), S/MIME.
unit V
IP Security: Architecture, Authentication header, Encapsulating security payloads, combining security associations, key management. Introduction to Secure Socket Layer, Secure electronic, transaction (SET) System Security: Introductory idea of Intrusion, Intrusion detection, Viruses and related threats, firewalls

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